Document Detail


Early medieval cattle remains from a Scandinavian settlement in Dublin: genetic analysis and comparison with extant breeds.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10091250     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A panel of cattle bones excavated from the 1000-year-old Viking Fishamble Street site in Dublin was assessed for the presence of surviving mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Eleven of these bones gave amplifiable mtDNA and a portion of the hypervariable control region was determined for each specimen. A comparative analysis was performed with control region sequences from five extant Nordic and Irish cattle breeds. The medieval population displayed similar levels of mtDNA diversity to modern European breeds. However, a number of novel mtDNA haplotypes were also detected in these bone samples. In addition, the presence of a putative ancestral sequence at high frequency in the medieval population supports an early post-domestication expansion of cattle in Europe.
Authors:
D E MacHugh; C S Troy; F McCormick; I Olsaker; E Eythórsdóttir; D G Bradley
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Historical Article; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences     Volume:  354     ISSN:  0962-8436     ISO Abbreviation:  Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., B, Biol. Sci.     Publication Date:  1999 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-04-28     Completed Date:  1999-04-28     Revised Date:  2010-09-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503623     Medline TA:  Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  99-108; discussion 108-9     Citation Subset:  IM; Q    
Affiliation:
Department of Genetics, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Base Sequence
Bone and Bones / chemistry
Cattle / genetics*
DNA Primers / genetics
DNA, Mitochondrial / genetics,  history,  isolation & purification
Evolution, Molecular
Fossils
Genetic Variation
Genetics, Population
History, 20th Century
History, Medieval
Ireland
Paleontology
Phylogeny
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
//Wellcome Trust
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/DNA Primers; 0/DNA, Mitochondrial
Comments/Corrections

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