Document Detail

Early intervention for low-birth-weight premature infants: what can we achieve?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8811165     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Low-birth-weight (LBW) premature infants are at increased risk for abnormal development. It is unclear whether intervention programs designed to prevent the disabilities in preterm children are efficacious. This paper reviews the settings in which interventions take place (e.g. nursery, home) and to whom they are directed (e.g. infant, parent). One intervention program, the Infant Health and Development Program (IHDP) is reviewed in detail. The IHDP was a multisite randomized clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of combining developmental and support services along with paediatric follow-up to reduce the developmental problems seen among LBW preterm infants. Results from all studies suggest that preventive developmental interventions for LBW, premature infants have thus far demonstrated only modest success. Future research endeavours should investigate the type, duration, critical age onset, and intensity of the intervention as well as which subgroups of LBW infants most benefit from such programs.
C M McCarton; I F Wallace; F C Bennett
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of medicine     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0785-3890     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Med.     Publication Date:  1996 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-12-04     Completed Date:  1996-12-04     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8906388     Medline TA:  Ann Med     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  221-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Clinical Trials as Topic
Infant, Low Birth Weight*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature*
Intervention Studies
Program Evaluation
Grant Support
HD-27344/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; MCJ-360593-01-02-0//PHS HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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