Document Detail

Early and intensive fluid replacement prevents acute renal failure in the crush cases associated with spontaneous collapse of an apartment in Konya.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17763170     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Crush syndrome developing as a result of earthquake and other natural disasters has been investigated from many angles to date. Data are scarce, however, on cases associated with the spontaneous crash of buildings. This study presents the results on seven rhabdomyolysis patients treated in our clinics out of nine casualties who were rescued from the rubble of Zümrüt apartment after the building collapsed suddenly and spontaneously. METHODS: As a result of the sudden, spontaneous collapse of the 10-floor Zümrüt apartment in Konya at 20:15 hours on February 2, 2004, 92 out of a total of 121 persons who were inside the building lost their lives, and 29 casualties were rescued from the rubble. Nine hospitalized patients had crush syndrome, and a prophylactic mannitol-bicarbonate cocktail was started in all at admission. RESULTS: The time they remained entrapped under the rubble was 11.1 +/- 7.3 (5-24 hours) on average. The highest CPK level of the patients was 79049 +/- 75374 u/L (17478-223600 u/L), observed on the median day 1.7 +/- 1.1 (days 1-4) following the incident. ARF developed in only two cases (28.6%) owing to the prophylactic mannitol-bicarbonate cocktail administered to prevent ARF, and because of hyperpotassemia, hemodialysis (HD) treatment was administered to these patients. One patient required two sessions of HD, and another required four. In both patients who received HD treatment, the level of potassium was in excess of 7 mEq/L. A total of eight fasciotomies were performed on five (71.4%) of the seven patients with crush syndrome. Five of the fasciotomies (62.5%) were performed on two of our patients who required HD treatment. None of our patients with crush syndrome developed permanent kidney damage, and no mortality occurred. CONCLUSION: It was deduced that rapid fluid therapy accompanied by the prophylactic administration of mannitol-bicarbonate are largely effective in preventing the development of ARF in cases with crush syndrome resulting from disasters.
Lütfullah Altintepe; Ibrahim Guney; Zeki Tonbul; Süleyman Türk; Mehmet Mazi; Erhan Ağca; Mehdi Yeksan
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Renal failure     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0886-022X     ISO Abbreviation:  Ren Fail     Publication Date:  2007  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-08-31     Completed Date:  2007-11-05     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8701128     Medline TA:  Ren Fail     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  737-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Nephrology, Selcuk University, Meram School of Medicine, Konya, Turkey.
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MeSH Terms
Bicarbonates / administration & dosage
Crush Syndrome / complications,  therapy*
Fluid Therapy*
Kidney Failure, Acute / etiology,  prevention & control*
Mannitol / administration & dosage
Renal Dialysis
Rhabdomyolysis / complications,  therapy
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Bicarbonates; 69-65-8/Mannitol

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