Document Detail

Early fetal growth, PAPP-A and free β-hCG in relation to risk of delivering a small-for-gestational age infant.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20737455     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
OBJECTIVES: To examine early fetal growth, pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) and free β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) in relation to the risk of delivering a small-for-gestational age (SGA) infant.
METHODS: Included in the study were 9450 singleton pregnant women who attended the prenatal screening program at Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark, between January 2005 and December 2007. Maternal serum levels of PAPP-A and free β-hCG were measured between gestational weeks 8 and 13. Two ultrasound examinations were performed, the first at 11-13 weeks and the second at 18-22 weeks, from which gestational age was estimated based on crown-rump length and biparietal diameter, respectively. Early fetal growth was expressed as an index: the ratio between the estimated number of days from the first to the second scan and the actual calendar time elapsed in days. SGA was defined as birth weight < 5(th) centile for gestational age, and the risk of SGA was evaluated according to different cut-offs of the early fetal growth index and the serum markers.
RESULTS: PAPP-A < 0.4 MoM combined with an early fetal growth index < 10(th) centile resulted in an increased risk of SGA (odds ratio (OR), 5.8; 95% CI, 2.7-12.7). Low PAPP-A, low free β-hCG and slow early fetal growth were statistically, independently associated with SGA, and the association between free β-hCG < 0.3 MoM and SGA was as strong as that between PAPP-A < 0.3 MoM and SGA (OR, 3.1 and 3.0, respectively).
CONCLUSION: The combination of slow early fetal growth and low PAPP-A resulted in a nearly six-fold increased risk of delivery of an SGA infant. These findings might improve our chances of early identification of fetuses at increased risk of growth restriction. Copyright © 2011 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
I Kirkegaard; T B Henriksen; N Uldbjerg
Related Documents :
7677975 - Spontaneous resolution of ectopic pregnancy: initial appearance and evolution at transv...
15924545 - Do we need to follow up complete miscarriages with serum human chorionic gonadotrophin ...
11432115 - Triple-test screening in in vitro fertilization pregnancies.
6172585 - A comparison of serial quantitative serum and urine tests in early pregnancy.
3007755 - Recent techniques for the conservative management of tubal pregnancy. surgery, laparosc...
16449705 - Psychological impact of stillbirth on fathers in the subsequent pregnancy and puerperium.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology : the official journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Volume:  37     ISSN:  1469-0705     ISO Abbreviation:  Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9108340     Medline TA:  Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  341-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark; Perinatal Epidemiology Research Unit, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Ultrasound-guided tru-cut biopsy of abdominal and pelvic tumors in gynecology.
Next Document:  Prenatal diagnosis of fetal left pulmonary artery sling.