Document Detail

Early discharge after delivery. A study of safety and risk factors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14755118     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The increased frequency of early discharge of newborns has led to questions of its safety. Most studies have looked at mortality and rehospitalization, not all missed diagnoses. The purpose of this study was to determine diagnoses in newborn infants that would have been missed if the infant had been discharged in <24 h. The design was a cohort study at Rabin Medical Center-Beilinson Campus (average monthly deliveries 1996 [250], 1997 [500]), a university-affiliated community hospital with all in-born term (> or = 37 weeks) infants born September through November 1996 and June 1997. The main outcome measures were medical diagnoses (except trivial physical descriptions) noted at discharge (generally at > or =48 h) exam, not noted on admission exam (<24 h). The results showed that 54 infants (5.1%) had diagnoses that were not detected before the infant was 24 h of age. The leading diagnosis was hyperbilirubinemia. Other potentially missed diagnoses included congenital heart disease (n = 10), morbidity of birth trauma (n = 9), metabolic disturbances (n = 2), hip dislocation (n = 1), suspected sepsis (n = 2), excessive weight loss (n = 2), polycythemia (n = 2), inguinal hernia (n = 1), and abducens paresis (n = 1). It is concluded that diagnoses can be missed by discharging infants in 24 h or less. These diagnoses have the potential for adverse sequela. Even if early discharge is felt to be cost effective, parents should be counseled that it is not risk free. Better mechanisms should be put in place for assuring the safety of such infants.
Deena R Zimmerman; Gil Klinger; Paul Merlob
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study     Date:  2003-12-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  TheScientificWorldJournal     Volume:  3     ISSN:  1537-744X     ISO Abbreviation:  ScientificWorldJournal     Publication Date:  2003 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-02-02     Completed Date:  2004-03-08     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101131163     Medline TA:  ScientificWorldJournal     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1363-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
TEREM-Immediate Medical Services, Jerusalem, Macabi Health Services, Shaalvim, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Diagnostic Errors / statistics & numerical data,  trends
Gestational Age
Health Care Surveys*
Heart Defects, Congenital / diagnosis,  epidemiology
Hyperbilirubinemia / diagnosis,  epidemiology
Infant, Newborn
Israel / epidemiology
Length of Stay / statistics & numerical data,  trends*
Nurseries, Hospital / statistics & numerical data,  trends
Prenatal Diagnosis / statistics & numerical data,  trends
Quality of Health Care / statistics & numerical data,  trends
Risk Factors
Safety / statistics & numerical data*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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