Document Detail

Early diagnosis of conjoined twins by real-time three-dimensional ultrasound--case report and review of the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16612786     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In 1:50 000 to 1:100 000 births, conjoined twins occur, caused by incomplete division of the embryonic disc more than 13 days after fertilisation. We present a case of cephalothoracopagus janiceps, a very rare form of conjoined twins, which was diagnosed at 13 weeks of gestation. Three-dimensional and colour Doppler ultrasound enabled precise prenatal visualisation of the fusion of the foetal head and chest up to the umbilicus. We could demonstrate the presence of two foetal hearts connected by an arterio-arterial shunt as well as two pairs of upper and lower extremities. After the clear 3-D presentation of the anomaly, making the poor prognosis visible, the mother decided to have the pregnancy terminated. Autopsy confirmed the prenatal diagnosis.
O Schmid; A Hagen; N Sarioglu; H Hopp; M Entezami; M Albig; R Becker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Review     Date:  2006-04-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ultraschall in der Medizin (Stuttgart, Germany : 1980)     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0172-4614     ISO Abbreviation:  Ultraschall Med     Publication Date:  2006 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-08-23     Completed Date:  2006-10-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8303585     Medline TA:  Ultraschall Med     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  384-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Charité--Campus Benjamin Franklin, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Berlin, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Thorax / embryology,  ultrasonography
Twins, Conjoined / embryology*
Ultrasonography, Prenatal*

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