Document Detail

Early development of infants of birth weight less than 1,000 grams with reference to mechanical ventilation in newborn period.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6168997     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Growth, development, and neurologic status were assessed at 1 year of age in 38 infants of birth weight less than 1,000 gm who were born in 1976 through 1978. Twenty had received mechanical ventilation as newborns, and this group had a significantly higher incidence of respiratory distress syndrome, seizures, cardiac arrest, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and retrolental fibroplasia than those not ventilated. The ventilated infants had a high incidence (70%) of bronchopulmonary dysplasia and of retrolental fibroplasia (20% grade III or IV). Seven of eight infants with severe developmental delay (greater than 2 SD), six of nine with moderate delay (greater than 1 SD), and seven of eight with neurologic disability had received ventilation. There was no difference in growth between the ventilated and nonventilated children. Of the total group, 53% showed no problems.
M P Ruiz; J A LeFever; D O Hakanson; D A Clark; M L Williams
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  68     ISSN:  0031-4005     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  1981 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1981-11-22     Completed Date:  1981-11-22     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  330-5     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia / epidemiology
Child Development*
Developmental Disabilities / epidemiology
Follow-Up Studies
Infant, Low Birth Weight*
Infant, Newborn
Neuromuscular Diseases / epidemiology
Oxygen Inhalation Therapy / adverse effects
Respiration, Artificial* / adverse effects
Retinopathy of Prematurity / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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