Document Detail

Early developing pig embryos mediate their own environment in the maternal tract.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22470458     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The maternal tract plays a critical role in the success of early embryonic development providing an optimal environment for establishment and maintenance of pregnancy. Preparation of this environment requires an intimate dialogue between the embryo and her mother. However, many intriguing aspects remain unknown in this unique communication system. To advance our understanding of the process by which a blastocyst is accepted by the endometrium and better address the clinical challenges of infertility and pregnancy failure, it is imperative to decipher this complex molecular dialogue. The objective of the present work is to define the local response of the maternal tract towards the embryo during the earliest stages of pregnancy. We used a novel in vivo experimental model that eliminated genetic variability and individual differences, followed by Affymetrix microarray to identify the signals involved in this embryo-maternal dialogue. Using laparoscopic insemination one oviduct of a sow was inseminated with spermatozoa and the contralateral oviduct was injected with diluent. This model allowed us to obtain samples from the oviduct and the tip of the uterine horn containing either embryos or oocytes from the same sow. Microarray analysis showed that most of the transcripts differentially expressed were down-regulated in the uterine horn in response to blastocysts when compared to oocytes. Many of the transcripts altered in response to the embryo in the uterine horn were related to the immune system. We used an in silico mathematical model to demonstrate the role of the embryo as a modulator of the immune system. This model revealed that relatively modest changes induced by the presence of the embryo could modulate the maternal immune response. These findings suggested that the presence of the embryo might regulate the immune system in the maternal tract to allow the refractory uterus to tolerate the embryo and support its development.
Carmen Almiñana; Paul R Heath; Stephen Wilkinson; Jonatan Sanchez-Osorio; Cristina Cuello; Inmaculada Parrilla; Maria A Gil; Jose L Vazquez; Juan Maria Vazquez; Jordi Roca; Emilio A Martinez; Alireza Fazeli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-03-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  PloS one     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1932-6203     ISO Abbreviation:  PLoS ONE     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-03     Completed Date:  2012-08-03     Revised Date:  2013-06-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101285081     Medline TA:  PLoS One     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e33625     Citation Subset:  IM    
Academic Unit of Reproductive and Developmental Medicine, Department of Human Metabolism, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing / genetics,  metabolism
Blastocyst / physiology
Embryo, Mammalian
Embryonic Development / physiology*
Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
Signal Transduction
Swine / embryology*
Toll-Like Receptor 4 / genetics,  metabolism
Uterus / metabolism
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing; 0/Toll-Like Receptor 4

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