Document Detail

Early detection of myocardial deformation by 2D speckle tracking echocardiography in normotensive obese children and adolescents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25252300     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the left venticular myocardial deformation parameters in normotensive obese children and adolescents by using 2D speckle tracking echocardiography.
METHODS: This observational cross-sectional study included 69 children and adolescents (aged between 10-18), 38 were normotensive obese and 31 were normal weighted. All children underwent detailed two- dimentional, Doppler and two-dimentional speckle tracking echocardiography. Student t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square test and Pearson's correlation were used in statistical analysis. Multiple linear regression analysis was used the determine independent variables on global longitudinal strain (GLS).
RESULTS: While in normal limits, diastolic blood pressure was significantly higher in obese group. Left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVDd) and end-systolic diameter (LVDs), interventricular septal thickness (IVSd), left ventricular posterior wall thickness (LPWD) and left ventricular mass index (LVM)/height2.7 were significantly higher in obese group compared to healthy peers (p=0.004, p=0.011, p<0.001, p=0.001, p<0.001) respectively. Obese subjects had reduced global longitudinal strain (GLS) values (p=0.001). Multiple linear regression analysis using the stepwise method were performed to assess the independent variables (age, body mass index, insulin resistance, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, left ventricular diameters and LVM index (g/m2.7) affecting the dependent variable GLS. GLS was found significantly correlated with body mass index (BMI) (β:0.440, p:0.001; 95% CI: 0.104-0.311).
CONCLUSION: Left ventricular strain parameters obtained by two dimentional speckle tracking echocardiography were diminished in obese children compared to normal subjects indicating that obesity in childhood is linked to decreased myocardial deformation even in the absence of comorbidities in early stages.
Fatih Köksal Binnetoğlu; Sule Yıldırım; Naci Topaloğlu; Mustafa Tekin; Nazan Kaymaz; Hakan Aylanç; Hasan Karakurt
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-4-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Anadolu kardiyoloji dergisi : AKD = the Anatolian journal of cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1308-0032     ISO Abbreviation:  Anadolu Kardiyol Derg     Publication Date:  2014 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-9-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-9-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101095069     Medline TA:  Anadolu Kardiyol Derg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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