Document Detail


Early detection of anthracycline cardiotoxicity in children with acute leukemia using exercise-based echocardiography and Doppler echocardiography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7967004     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We performed both supine bicycle ergometer (BEx) and hand-grip (HGx) exercise tests to evaluate cardiac function in 13 asymptomatic children with leukemia who had completed a general treatment protocol. We calculated fractional shortening (FS), end-systolic stress-volume index (ESS/ESVI), left ventricular diastolic filing velocity ratio (A/E) and normalized peak rate of diastolic increase in left ventricular internal dimension (dLVDt/dt/LVDt). Before the exercise, we found that dLVDt/dt/LVDt was decreased in the high-dose anthracycline group (anthracycline cumulative dose of 480-570 mg/m2), even though other cardiac function parameters were not different from those in the control. In BEx, the percent change in ESS/ESVI decreased in an anthracycline cumulative dose-dependent fashion. In HGx, ESS/ESVI showed a decreased response only in the high-dose anthracycline group. Therefore, we conclude that: 1) the diastolic function parameter dLVDt/dt/LVDt might show abnormalities prior to other systolic function parameters, 2) the percent change in ESS/ESVI in BEx is the most sensitive parameter studied, and could detect cardiac function abnormalities even in the small-dose anthracycline group (anthracycline cumulative dose of 175 mg/m2), and 3) BEx is more suitable for the early detection of anthracycline cardiotoxicity than HGx.
Authors:
R Fukazawa; S Ogawa; T Hirayama
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Japanese circulation journal     Volume:  58     ISSN:  0047-1828     ISO Abbreviation:  Jpn. Circ. J.     Publication Date:  1994 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-12-23     Completed Date:  1994-12-23     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7806868     Medline TA:  Jpn Circ J     Country:  JAPAN    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  625-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Nippon Medical School, Department of Pediatrics, Tokyo, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acute Disease
Adolescent
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / adverse effects*
Child
Echocardiography*
Echocardiography, Doppler*
Exercise Test*
Female
Heart / drug effects*
Humans
Leukemia / drug therapy*
Male
Ventricular Function / drug effects
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antibiotics, Antineoplastic

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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