Document Detail

Early complications following cochlear implantation in children and their management.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24809767     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVES: To report the early postoperative complications of cochlear implantation (CI) in the pediatric population and discuss the intervention measures.
METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 260 consecutive pediatric cochlear implantations performed at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University between March 2010 and July 2013. All patients were younger than 12 years old at the time of implantation, with a mean age of 4.3 years, and 47 cases had inner ear malformations. Complications correlated to age at CI and inner ear malformations were analyzed using the χ(2) test.
RESULTS: Of the 260 patients, early postoperative complications were observed in 17 (6.54%) cases, of which 16 (6.15%) were minor and one (0.38%) was major, none required surgical device removal or reimplantation. Among the 16 minor complications, transient vertigo was the most common (nine cases, 3.46%), three (1.15%) of them with severe CSF gusher during the surgery; followed by transient facial nerve palsy (two cases, 0.77%, both were reversible); external auditory canal injury, subcutaneous hematoma each in two cases (0.77%), and minor dural injury in one case (0.38%). One major complication included an epidural hematoma in a 7-year-old boy who recovered completely without any neurologic deficits following immediate evacuation. Inner ear malformations were significantly associated with the surgical complications, especially vertigo and gusher (P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Cochlear implantation in children is fairly a safe procedure with a relatively low complication rate. The most common early postoperative complications are minor, but serious and life threatening complications rarely may occur. Awareness of complications helps clinicians to adopt the specific preventive measures and immediate interventions so that the outcome will be successful.
Sujuan Li; Zhaobing Qin; Fan Zhang; Lu Li; Sihan Qi; Lin Liu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-4-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-8464     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol.     Publication Date:  2014 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-5-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003603     Medline TA:  Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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