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Early Versus Late Adhesiolysis for Adhesive-Related Intestinal Obstruction: A Nationwide Analysis of Inpatient Outcomes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22914981     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Classical teaching advocates watchful waiting for 2 days before operating on adhesive-related intestinal obstructions (AIOs). Our aim was to compare the clinical and cost outcomes of early versus late adhesiolysis for AIOs. DESIGN: Patients undergoing adhesiolysis for AIOs from the 2007 Nationwide Inpatient Sample were stratified to early (≤2 days from admission) vs. late (>2 days) adhesiolysis. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality and secondary outcomes were post-operative complications (POCs), post-operative length of stay (PLOS), and in-hospital cost. RESULTS: From 5,443 patients who underwent adhesiolysis for AIOs, 53 and 47 % underwent early and late adhesiolysis, respectively. Late adhesiolysis patients were older (65.0 vs. 60.1 years) and more co-morbid compared to the early group (p < 0.05). After adjustment with propensity score methods, late adhesiolysis patients had no difference in mortality (odds ratio [OR] 0.95, 95%-confidence intervals [CI] 0.67-1.36, p = 0.79) or POCs (OR 1.01, 95%CI 0.89-1.14, p = 0.91) compared to the early group, but had 9.8 % increased PLOS and 41.9 % increased in-hospital cost (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The 2-day limit of watchful waiting is not associated with increased mortality or POCs for those patients undergoing adhesiolysis for an AIO. Late adhesiolysis, however, was associated with significantly increased PLOS and in-hospital cost compared to early adhesiolysis.
Authors:
Daniel I Chu; Melanie L Gainsbury; Lauren A Howard; Arthur F Stucchi; James M Becker
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of gastrointestinal surgery : official journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-4626     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Gastrointest. Surg.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9706084     Medline TA:  J Gastrointest Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Surgery, Boston University Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA, danielchumd@gmail.com.
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