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Early Stimulation and Language Development of Economically Disadvantaged Young Children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23904067     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of home stimulation on the language functioning of young children from low income families.
METHODS: The language functioning of 102 children (Mean age = 3.3 y, SD = 1.3) was assessed by the communication sub-scale of the Indian Developmental Inventory (IDI). Home visits were made to assess the quality of stimulation provided by parents to children. Seven items measuring stimulation of the child were selected from the Mohite Home Environment Inventory, a scale measuring the quality of home environment.
RESULTS: Nearly 16 % of children from economically disadvantaged homes had language delay. Children with language delay as compared to children with adequate language skills had significantly lower stimulation at home (t = 2.59, P = 0.01), specifically parents were significantly less likely to praise their child (25 % vs. 52 %, χ (2) = 4.03, P = 0.045) or provide verbal stimulation (44 % vs. 72 %, χ (2) = 4.95, P = 0.026). Multivariate stepwise regression analysis revealed that 18 % of the variance in the communication developmental quotient (DQs) of children was accounted by stimulation and age of the child (F = 10.47, P = 0.000).
CONCLUSIONS: Programs that seek to increase early stimulation for disadvantaged children by providing cognitive-linguistic enriched learning experiences would go a long way in paving the way for improved language, cognition and school performance in young children.
Authors:
Prahbhjot Malhi; Manjit Sidhu; Bhavneet Bharti
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-8-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian journal of pediatrics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0973-7693     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian J Pediatr     Publication Date:  2013 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-8-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417442     Medline TA:  Indian J Pediatr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Sector 12, Chandigarh, 160012, India, pmalhi18@hotmail.com.
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