Document Detail


Early Neonatal Mortality in India, 1990-2006.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22797909     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The increased reach of health programs in India during the past few decades has contributed to a decline in postnatal mortality including infant and child mortality; however, reduction in neonatal mortality remained negligible. About seven out of ten neonatal deaths take place within a week after birth. The progress in reduction as well as dimension along which early neonatal mortality is patterned in India remains unclear. We examine the trend in early neonatal mortality and its possible demographic and socioeconomic predictors using nationally representative data. Data from the three cross-sectional rounds of the National Family Health Survey of India from 1992 to 1993, 1998 to 1999 and 2005 to 2006 were analyzed. Early neonatal mortality rate was estimated for selected demographic and socioeconomic population groups and for major states in India using information on births and deaths during the 3 years preceding the respective surveys. Using the multivariate logistic regression model, we assessed proximate determinants of early neonatal deaths during 1990-2006. Sex of the child, child's birth size, birth order and interval, type of child's birth, mother's age at child's birth, mother's educational status, religion, household economic status and region of residence emerged as significant predictors of early neonatal deaths. The adjusted multivariate analysis indicates that majority of the socio-demographic predictors reveal a negligible decline in the probability of early neonatal deaths during 1990-2006. Moreover, based on comprehensive reviews of scientific literature on newborn's survival we document some of the recommended ways to prevent early neonatal mortality in India.
Authors:
Chandan Kumar; Prashant Kumar Singh; Rajesh Kumar Rai; Lucky Singh
Related Documents :
22280869 - Perimortem cesarean delivery: its role in maternal mortality.
1592009 - The effects of obstetric conditions on neonatal behaviour in japanese infants.
22385349 - Premature birth and diseases in premature infants: common genetic background?
17468729 - Risk factors in newborns with severe acidosis at birth.
7887429 - Prospective assessment of risks for cervicomedullary-junction compression in infants wi...
3314719 - Continuous four-channel eeg monitoring in the evaluation of echodense ultrasound lesion...
19723619 - Benchmarking care for very low birthweight infants in ireland and northern ireland.
21533209 - Age-dependent maturation of toll-like receptor-mediated cytokine responses in gambian i...
3875699 - Intraventricular hemorrhage in a term neonate secondary to a third ventricular avm. cas...
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of community health     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-3610     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7600747     Medline TA:  J Community Health     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Roorkee, Roorkee, 246 667, Uttarakhand, India, c.kumar803@gmail.com.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Analysis of gene sequences indicates that quantity not quality of chloroplast small HSPs improves th...
Next Document:  The tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1 negatively regulates cytotrophoblast proliferation in first-trimester...