Document Detail

Early emerging nicotine-dependence symptoms: a signal of propensity for chronic smoking behavior in adolescents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20097354     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive validity of nicotine-dependence symptoms in 9th- and 10th-grade adolescents.
STUDY DESIGN: A total of 594 adolescents who had not smoked more than 100 cigarettes in their lifetime and 152 adolescents who had smoked more than 100 cigarettes in their lifetime were included in the analysis. The predictive validity of 10 nicotine-dependence items administered at baseline was evaluated at the 24-month follow-up assessment.
RESULTS: For those who smoked fewer than 100 cigarettes, higher levels of experienced nicotine-dependence symptoms at baseline, as well as individual symptoms, predicted current and daily smoking behavior at the 24-month follow-up, over and above baseline smoking. For adolescents who had smoked more than 100 cigarettes at baseline, the level of nicotine dependence and individual symptom endorsement did not predict smoking behavior at the 24-month follow-up.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate that early emerging dependence symptoms reported at low levels of smoking exposure signal a greater propensity for continued smoking behavior not accounted for by current or past smoking exposure. Screening for these early emerging symptoms among novice adolescent smokers represents an important and unused tool in tobacco control efforts aimed at preventing the development of chronic smoking patterns.
Lisa Dierker; Robin Mermelstein
Related Documents :
1859924 - The development of dependence on smoking in children.
3971354 - Nicotine: a precursor for carcinogens.
2286854 - Antismoking counselling: methods of helping hypertensive patients to stop smoking.
19004424 - Substance use in a sample of medical patients.
15233714 - Social and health adjustment of bulimic women 7-9 years following therapy.
15307964 - Shigellosis - a re-emerging sexually transmitted infection: outbreak in men having sex ...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-01-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of pediatrics     Volume:  156     ISSN:  1097-6833     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr.     Publication Date:  2010 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-13     Completed Date:  2010-05-03     Revised Date:  2014-09-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375410     Medline TA:  J Pediatr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  818-22     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Adolescent Behavior*
Smoking / psychology*
Tobacco Use Disorder / diagnosis,  psychology*
Grant Support
DA010075/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; DA022313/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; DA024260/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; DA15454/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; K01 DA015454/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; K01 DA015454-05S1/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; K01 DA015454-05S2/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; P01 CA098262/CA/NCI NIH HHS; P01 CA098262/CA/NCI NIH HHS; P01 CA098262-05/CA/NCI NIH HHS; P01 CA098262-05S1/CA/NCI NIH HHS; R01 DA022313/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 DA022313-01A2/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R21 DA024260-03/DA/NIDA NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Low aerobic fitness and obesity are associated with lower standardized test scores in children.
Next Document:  A Severe Form of Kawasaki Disease Presenting with Only Fever and Cervical Lymphadenopathy at Admissi...