Document Detail

Earlobe crease and atherosclerosis. An autopsy study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2095754     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The association between earlobe crease (ELC) and coronary and aortic atherosclerosis in 100 autopsied men ranging in age from 50 to 79 years, who died free of vascular diseases or related conditions, was studied in conjunction with blood pressure and serum total cholesterol (TC) levels. Earlobe crease was graded and defined as groups 1, 2, and 3 according to the depth and length in both ears. The extent of atherosclerosis in the coronary arteries and aortas was visually graded. Coronary atherosclerosis was significantly more severe in group 3 in all the decades examined than in groups 1 or 2. Aortic atherosclerosis in group 3 was significantly greater than in group 1 in all the decades examined, and was greater than in group 2 in the seventh and eighth decades. The TC level was significantly higher in group 3 than in groups 1 or 2 except in the sixth decade. Multivariate regression analyses demonstrated that the degree of ELC was dependent on the extent of coronary and aortic atherosclerosis, but was independent of age. Conversely, the extent of coronary atherosclerosis was dependent on the degree of ELC, but was independent of age. The extent of aortic atherosclerosis was, however, dependent not only on the appearance of ELC and TC, but on age. It is thus concluded that ELC provides a significant external marker for atherosclerosis and may reflect a persistent overload of atherosclerosis risk factors, such as TC.
T Ishii; N Asuwa; S Masuda; Y Ishikawa; K Shimada; S Takemoto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Geriatrics Society     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0002-8614     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Geriatr Soc     Publication Date:  1990 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-09-27     Completed Date:  1990-09-27     Revised Date:  2008-03-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503062     Medline TA:  J Am Geriatr Soc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  871-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pathology, Tokyo Medical College, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Aging / pathology*
Aortic Diseases / pathology
Arteriosclerosis / blood,  pathology*,  physiopathology
Blood Pressure
Child, Preschool
Cholesterol / blood
Coronary Artery Disease / pathology
Ear, External / pathology*
Middle Aged
Regression Analysis
Risk Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
Comment In:
J Am Geriatr Soc. 1991 Mar;39(3):315-6   [PMID:  2043213 ]

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