Document Detail


Earliest appropriate time for administering neurobehavioral assessment in newborn infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21172999     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of examination time on newborn neurobehavioral examinations administered within 48 hours of delivery and to identify the earliest appropriate time for performing the assessment.
METHODS: We analyzed data from neurobehavioral examinations on 324 newborns using the NICU Network Neurobehavioral Scale (NNNS). Trends over examination time and cumulative percentage within published normal ranges were analyzed to identify the earliest appropriate time for administering the examination. Ordinal logistic regression and multivariate regression were used for testing and defining the earliest appropriate time for administering the examination without being influenced by acute effects of labor and delivery while controlling for several potential confounding factors.
RESULTS: The arousal, excitability, lethargy, quality-of-movement, hypotonicity, and nonoptimal-reflexes scales were sensitive to timing of the examination. Results of ordinal logistic regression showed that 20 hours after delivery seemed to be the earliest appropriate time for administering newborn NNNS examinations. The proportion of NNNS scores within the normal range increased with time significantly when the examination was made less than 20 hours after delivery (n = 148) (odds ratio: 1.12 [95% confidence interval: 1.02-1.23]), but there was no longer significant association with time of examination after 20 hours (n = 176) (odds ratio: 1.04 [95% confidence interval: 0.99-1.09]). This result was confirmed by multivariate regression.
CONCLUSIONS: We recommend 20 hours after delivery as the earliest appropriate time for administering newborn NNNS examinations to obtain results reflecting outcomes that are a representative assessment of newborn neurobehavior and not contaminated by acute effects of labor and delivery.
Authors:
Yingying Xu; Kimberly Yolton; Jane Khoury
Related Documents :
19128489 - Regional disparities in infant mortality in canada: a reversal of egalitarian trends.
6731429 - Causal analysis of infant deaths in hawaii.
11669029 - Role of score for neonatal acute physiology (snap) in predicting neonatal mortality.
9290369 - Incidence and survival of retinoblastoma in the netherlands: a register based study 186...
10866199 - A universal pattern of mortality decline in the g7 countries.
10892759 - Mortality among uk gulf war veterans.
10630919 - Reference ranges for plasma cystatin c and creatinine measurements in premature infants...
20966409 - Cerebral oxygenation in preterm infants with germinal matrix-intraventricular hemorrhages.
19694689 - Do maternal- or pregnancy-associated disease states affect blood pressure in the early ...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-12-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  127     ISSN:  1098-4275     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-03     Completed Date:  2011-01-31     Revised Date:  2013-07-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e69-75     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
General and Community Pediatrics Research, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Ave, ML 7035, Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Diagnostic Techniques, Neurological*
Female
Humans
Infant Behavior*
Infant, Newborn
Male
Neonatal Screening / standards*
Prospective Studies
Time Factors
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
P01 ES11261/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Testosterone levels in umbilical-cord blood and risk of pyloric stenosis.
Next Document:  Adverse events after the use of benznidazole in infants and children with Chagas disease.