Document Detail


Ear, nose and throat involvement in patients with pemphigus vulgaris: correlation with severity, phenotype and disease activity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21348898     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background  Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is the most common clinical form of pemphigus that is characterized by easily ruptured or loose bulla formation on skin and/or mucosa. The frequency of the ear, nose and throat involvement of PV is not clearly defined. Objectives  To evaluate the frequency of ear, nose and throat (ENT) involvement in patients suffering from PV who had been recently diagnosed or exacerbated under follow up and to determine the association with ENT symptoms, clinical involvement, severity and duration of pemphigus vulgaris. Materials and Methods  The study group included a total of 38 PV patients comprising 24 new patients and 14 patients who showed exacerbations while on complete remission or under treatment. All patients were asked about ENT symptoms and endoscopic examination were performed to evaluate the presence of nasal, pharynx, larynx and ear involvement. Results  Of the 38 patients, 33 (87%) had active PV lesions on endoscopic evaluation. Twenty-five patients (66%) had lesions on pharynx, twenty-one (55%) on larynx, twenty-nine (76%) on nasal mucosa and four (10%) on the ear mucosa. ENT involvement was not associated with the severity and the clinical involvement of the disease. Pharyngeal and nasal involvement was significantly associated with symptoms, while laryngeal and ear involvement was not found to be significantly associated with symptoms. Nasal and ear involvement was not associated with the duration of the disease while pharyngeal and laryngeal involvement favored newly diagnosed patients. Conclusions  Our results revealed that high number of patients with PV may present with active ENT lesions, furthermore patients with ear, nose and throat involvement may be asymptomatic and active lesions may be found in patients without any ENT symptoms. Therefore it should be considered that to understand the real extent of PV involvement, endoscopic ENT evaluation should be performed in patients with or without symptoms.
Authors:
M Kavala; S Altıntaş; E Kocatürk; I Zindancı; B Can; C Ruhi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1468-3083     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9216037     Medline TA:  J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 The Authors. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology © 2011 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology.
Affiliation:
DermatologyOtorhinolaryngology, Göztepe Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
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