Document Detail

Ear damage due to diving.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  287337     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Diving injury may affect all parts of the ear during all types of diving. Divers are regularly exposed to noise and 120 dB(A) is measured during ventilation of a hyperbaric chamber. Ear canal squeeze, possibly with drum perforation, may give a transient conductive hearing loss. Middle ear squeeze, possibly with drum perforation, also gives a transient conductive loss. Inner ear barotrauma, possibly with perilymph fistula, most often results in transient vertigo and lasting sensorineural high tone loss, often resembling a noise-induced loss. Decompression sickness and gas embolism can also damage the inner ear. A change of breathing gas during deep diving has damaged the labyrinth, most likely due to counter diffusion. The authors have seen two cases of over window perilymph fistula resulting from diving. One of them also suffered a burst ear drum on the same side. His hearing returned to normal after surgical repair.
O I Molvaer; E Natrud
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta oto-laryngologica. Supplementum     Volume:  360     ISSN:  0365-5237     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Otolaryngol Suppl     Publication Date:  1979  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1979-08-16     Completed Date:  1979-08-16     Revised Date:  2008-02-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370355     Medline TA:  Acta Otolaryngol Suppl     Country:  SWEDEN    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  187-9     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
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MeSH Terms
Barotrauma / etiology
Decompression Sickness / complications
Ear / injuries*
Ear Canal / injuries
Ear, Inner / injuries
Ear, Middle / injuries
Embolism, Air / complications
Fistula / etiology
Hearing Disorders / etiology*
Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced / etiology
Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / etiology

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