Document Detail

EMS Medical Direction and Prehospital Practices for Acute Cardiovascular Events.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22913374     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract Objective. The purpose of this analysis was to determine whether there is an association between type of emergency medical services (EMS) medical direction and local EMS agency practices and characteristics specifically related to emergency response for acute cardiovascular events. Methods. We surveyed 1,292 EMS agencies in nine states. For each cardiovascular prehospital procedure or practice, we compared the proportion of agencies that employed paid (full- or part-time) medical directors with the proportion of agencies that employed volunteer medical directors. We also compared the proportion of EMS agencies who reported direct interaction between emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and their medical director within the previous four weeks with the proportion of agencies who reported no direct interaction. Chi-square tests were used to assess statistical differences in proportion of agencies with a specific procedure by medical director employment status and medical director interaction. We repeated these comparisons using t-tests to evaluate mean differences in call volume. Results. The EMS agencies with prehospital cardiovascular response policies were more likely to report employment of a paid medical director and less likely to report employment of a volunteer medical director. Similarly, agencies with prehospital cardiovascular response practices were more likely to report recent medical director interaction and less likely to report absence of recent medical director interaction. Mean call volumes for chest pain, cardiac arrest, and stroke were higher among agencies having paid medical directors (compared with agencies having volunteer medical directors) and agencies having recent medical director interaction (compared with agencies not having recent medical director interaction). Conclusions. Our study demonstrated that EMS agencies with a paid medical director and agencies with medical director interaction with EMTs in the previous four weeks were more likely to have prehospital cardiovascular procedures in place. Given the strong relationship that both employment status and direct interaction have with the presence of these practices, agencies with limited resources to provide a paid medical director or a medical director that can be actively involved with EMTs should be supported through partnerships and other interventions to ensure that they receive the necessary levels of medical director oversight.
Sophia Greer; Ishmael Williams; Amy L Valderrama; Patricia Bolton; Davis G Patterson; Zefeng Zhang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Prehospital emergency care : official journal of the National Association of EMS Physicians and the National Association of State EMS Directors     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1545-0066     ISO Abbreviation:  Prehosp Emerg Care     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9703530     Medline TA:  Prehosp Emerg Care     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
From the Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia ;
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