Document Detail

EMG responses resulting from transient and steady-state dynamic isometric loading of the human biceps can be distinguished.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10659446     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In order to determine if differences in human muscle EMG response to steady-state (STD) dynamic load and transient (TRN) load could be detected, two distinct sinusoidal loads having identical amplitude and frequency were applied to the forearm, which was held in a fixed posture. The first condition used application of a constant amplitude, constant frequency, STD sinusoid, and the second condition used application of a single sinusoid of identical amplitude and frequency as the STD load. Time-domain parameters of Half-Mass, Dispersion Moments, Asymmetry Moments, Peak Ratio (ratio of cycle peak RMS EMG to cycle mean RMS EMG) and Time-to-Peak Ratio (ratio of cycle time to reach peak RMS EMG to cycle time duration) were used to quantify responses in the time domain. A single frequency-domain parameter, Dispersion Moments, was used to quantify responses in the frequency domain. Individual ANOVA's of the time domain parameter results revealed that p = 0.689 for Dispersion Moments, p = 0.111 for Half-Mass, p = 0.007 for Asymmetry Moments, p = 0.001 for Peak Ratio, and p = 0.001 for Time-to-Peak Ratio. The time-domain MANOVA and frequency-domain ANOVA revealed that EMG responses resulting from STD and TRN applied loads were statistically different in the time domain (p = 0.001), but not in the frequency domain (p = 0.810). Thus, use of Asymmetry Moments, Peak Ratio, and Time-to-Peak Ratio parameters can distinguish EMG responses to STD and TRN loads.
V J Spotts; M C Miller
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of electromyography and kinesiology : official journal of the International Society of Electrophysiological Kinesiology     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1050-6411     ISO Abbreviation:  J Electromyogr Kinesiol     Publication Date:  2000 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-02-15     Completed Date:  2000-02-15     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9109125     Medline TA:  J Electromyogr Kinesiol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  15-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA 15282, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Isometric Contraction*
Muscle, Skeletal / physiopathology*

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