Document Detail


EEG characteristics in juvenile Huntington's disease: a case report and review of the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14684349     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The clinical features of Juvenile Huntington's Disease (J-HD) differ from those of the more common adult-onset form, and include cognitive decline, parkinsonism, myoclonus and seizures. A paucity of literature is available describing the electroencephalographic (EEG) findings. We describe the clinical and EEG characteristics of a patient with genetically confirmed J-HD. A review of previously published cases yielded EEG descriptions in only 23 patients whose disease onset was prior to the age of 32, and only 14 of these were prior to the age of 20. Epileptiform abnormalities were noted in 17 (74%), which was considerably more common than in the adult form. Generalized discharges were noted in nine, with six having polyspike and wave. The remainder had focal or multifocal epileptiform discharges. With genetic testing now available, refinement of the EEG data will be possible.
Authors:
Mark E Landau; Kevin R Cannard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Epileptic disorders : international epilepsy journal with videotape     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1294-9361     ISO Abbreviation:  Epileptic Disord     Publication Date:  2003 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-12-19     Completed Date:  2004-04-14     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100891853     Medline TA:  Epileptic Disord     Country:  France    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  145-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright John Libbey Eurotext 2003
Affiliation:
Neurophysiology Section and Movement Disorder Section, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Department of Neurology, USA. Mark.Landau@NA.AMEDD.ARMY.MIL
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Dementia / psychology
Electroencephalography*
Female
Humans
Huntington Disease / physiopathology*,  psychology
Movement Disorders / etiology
Muscle Rigidity / etiology
Myoclonus / etiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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