Document Detail


Dysregulated gene expression of extracellular matrix and adhesion molecules in saphenous vein conduits of hemodialysis patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22264416     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of cardiovascular disease was approximately 10 times higher in hemodialysis patients with end-stage renal disease than in the general population. The saphenous vein is the most commonly used conduit for coronary artery bypass grafting. However, the extracellular matrix and adhesion molecule characteristics of saphenous vein in hemodialysis patients remain unclear. The aim of the present study was to survey the extracellular matrix gene expression profile of the saphenous vein in hemodialysis patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS: A total of 34 patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass grafting were enrolled. Of the 34 patients, 15 with end-stage renal disease required maintenance hemodialysis. The control group consisted of the other 19 patients without preoperative renal disease. Samples of the saphenous vein were obtained at coronary artery bypass grafting. The expression profile of the extracellular matrix genes was analyzed by microarray. The tissue matrix metallopeptidase/tissue inhibitor of metallopeptidase protein activities in the saphenous vein were evaluated by immunocytochemistry and Western blotting. RESULTS: Nineteen extracellular matrix and adhesion molecule-focused genes demonstrated at least a threefold difference in expression between the 2 groups. Upregulation was observed in 16 genes, and 3 genes appeared to be downregulated. Notable imbalanced matrix metallopeptidase/tissue inhibitor of metallopeptidase protein activities of saphenous vein exposed to end-stage renal disease conditions was found. CONCLUSIONS: The results from present study suggest that the native extracellular matrix gene expression profile of the saphenous vein conduits in hemodialysis patients show signs of the vein graft disease process before coronary surgery. Furthermore, some preoperative profiles of hemodialysis patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting might provide some useful clues regarding vein graft quality and prompt adjustment in surgical strategy.
Authors:
Yongxin Sun; Wenjun Ding; Qiang Wei; Zhenya Shen; Chunsheng Wang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-685X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376343     Medline TA:  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiac Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.
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