Document Detail


Dyslexia: a new synergy between education and cognitive neuroscience.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19608907     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Reading is essential in modern societies, but many children have dyslexia, a difficulty in learning to read. Dyslexia often arises from impaired phonological awareness, the auditory analysis of spoken language that relates the sounds of language to print. Behavioral remediation, especially at a young age, is effective for many, but not all, children. Neuroimaging in children with dyslexia has revealed reduced engagement of the left temporo-parietal cortex for phonological processing of print, altered white-matter connectivity, and functional plasticity associated with effective intervention. Behavioral and brain measures identify infants and young children at risk for dyslexia, and preventive intervention is often effective. A combination of evidence-based teaching practices and cognitive neuroscience measures could prevent dyslexia from occurring in the majority of children who would otherwise develop dyslexia.
Authors:
John D E Gabrieli
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Science (New York, N.Y.)     Volume:  325     ISSN:  1095-9203     ISO Abbreviation:  Science     Publication Date:  2009 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-17     Completed Date:  2009-07-29     Revised Date:  2009-10-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404511     Medline TA:  Science     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  280-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences and Harvard-Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Division of Health Sciences and Technology and McGovern Institute for Brain Research, MIT, 43 Vassar Street, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. gabrieli@mit.edu
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Articulation Disorders
Brain / pathology,  physiopathology*
Brain Mapping
Child
Child, Preschool
Dyslexia* / physiopathology,  prevention & control,  psychology,  therapy
Education*
Humans
Infant
Neuronal Plasticity
Phonetics
Reading*
Remedial Teaching
Speech Perception
Visual Perception
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Science. 2009 Oct 9;326(5950):228-9   [PMID:  19815755 ]
Science. 2009 Sep 11;325(5946):1340   [PMID:  19745136 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Comment on "Neodymium-142 evidence for Hadean mafic crust".
Next Document:  Foundations for a new science of learning.