Document Detail


Dyshidrotic eczema as an occupational dermatitis in metal workers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2973394     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Metalworkers exposed to metalworking fluids often encounter dermatological problems. In an epidemiological study of 286 metalworkers, 14% had dermatitis. Of these, 21 (54%) presented with the clinical appearance of dyshidrotic eczema. 3 out of these 21 operators had positive patch test reactions, 1 to nickel and 2 to formaldehyde and formaldehyde releasers, while 1 other was diagnosed as atopic. According to the literature, dyshidrotic eczema is strongly related to an atopic constitution and to contact sensitization, especially to nickel. However, our findings suggest that dyshidrotic eczema in metalworkers is a predominantly irritant dermatitis, mainly induced by exposure to soluble oils and unrelated to atopy.
Authors:
E M de Boer; D P Bruynzeel; W G van Ketel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Contact dermatitis     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0105-1873     ISO Abbreviation:  Contact Derm.     Publication Date:  1988 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-01-09     Completed Date:  1989-01-09     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7604950     Medline TA:  Contact Dermatitis     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  184-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Dermatology, Free University Academic Hospital, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Bronchial Provocation Tests
Dermatitis, Contact / etiology*
Dermatitis, Occupational / etiology*
Female
Formaldehyde / adverse effects
Humans
Industrial Oils / adverse effects
Irritants / adverse effects
Male
Metallurgy*
Netherlands
Nickel / adverse effects
Skin Tests
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Irritants; 50-00-0/Formaldehyde; 7440-02-0/Nickel

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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