Document Detail

Dyschezia and posterior deep infiltrating endometriosis: analysis of 360 cases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18971131     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between anatomic locations and diameter of endometriotic lesions with severity of perimenstrual dyschezia (pain with defecation) as a possible location-indicating pain symptom for posterior deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE). DESIGN: Retrospective analysis (Canadian Task Force classification II-3). SETTING: Tertiary care university hospital. PATIENTS: We reviewed hospital records of patients who underwent laparoscopic treatment for pelvic endometriosis in our center between 2001 and 2006. In all, 360 patients with posterior DIE (endometrial glands and stroma infiltrated excised tissues of the specified organs) were included for whom preoperative scoring of perimenstrual dyschezia was performed using a 10-point visual analog scale (VAS). Data about anatomic location and diameter of excised nodules were retrieved from operative and pathological records. INTERVENTIONS: Laparoscopic excision of suspected endometriotic lesions. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Mean VAS score of dyschezia for patients with overall posterior DIE was 3.9 +/- 3.8, whereas in unaffected patients it was 1.9 +/- 3.3 (Mann-Whitney test p <.0005). Rectovaginal involvement (posterior vaginal wall, rectovaginal septum, and anterior rectal wall) was found in 240 of 360 women. Mean VAS score for dyschezia was 4.1 +/- 4 and 2.1 +/- 3.3 in affected and nonaffected patients, respectively (p <.0005). Mean lesion diameter in affected patients was significantly correlated with mean VAS score (Spearman rho = 0.21). Patients with anterior rectal wall endometriosis (71/240) had a mean VAS score of 4.2 +/- 4 and in nonaffected patients it was 2.7 +/- 3.6 (p <.05). Mean lesion diameter in affected patients was not significantly correlated with mean VAS score of dyschezia (Spearman rho = 0.16). CONCLUSION: Severity of dyschezia was significantly correlated with posterior DIE. A positive correlation occurred between severity of dyschezia and lesion diameter with rectovaginal endometriosis but not with anterior rectal wall involvement.
Renato Seracchioli; Mohamed Mabrouk; Manuela Guerrini; Linda Manuzzi; Luca Savelli; Clarissa Frascà; Stefano Venturoli
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of minimally invasive gynecology     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1553-4650     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:    2008 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-30     Completed Date:  2009-02-19     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101235322     Medline TA:  J Minim Invasive Gynecol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  695-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Minimally Invasive Gynecological Surgery Center, Reproductive Medicine Unit, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Constipation / etiology*,  surgery*
Endometriosis / complications*,  surgery*
Laparoscopy / methods*
Rectal Diseases / surgery
Severity of Illness Index
Vaginal Diseases / surgery

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