Document Detail

Dynamism of the Mitral Annulus: A Spatial and Temporal Analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25130425     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: In this study, the authors sought to investigate the extent and timing of changes in mitral annular area during the cardiac cycle. Particularly, the authors assessed whether these changes were limited to the posterior part of the annulus or were more global in nature.
DESIGN: Prospective, observational study SETTING: Tertiary care university hospital PARTICIPANTS: Twenty three patients undergoing non-valvular cardiac surgery and 3 patients undergoing vascular procedures.
INTERVENTIONS: Intraoperative 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiographic data obtained from patients with normal mitral valves undergoing non-valvular cardiac surgery were analyzed geometrically. Annular areas and diameters were measured during various stages of the cardiac cycle. Intertrigonal distance also was measured using 3D data.
MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Both anterior and posterior portions of the mitral annulus demonstrated dynamism throughout the cardiac cycle. The expansion phase ranged from mid-systole to early-diastole, whereas mid-diastole to early-systole was characterized by an annular contraction phase. Area changes were contributed equally by anterior and posterior parts of the annulus. Annular dimensions increased in accordance with mitral annular area (p<0.05). Echocardiographically-identified intertrigonal distance showed the least delta change.
CONCLUSIONS: Both the anterior and posterior parts of the annulus contribute to changes in mitral annular area, which undergoes discrete expansion and contraction phases that extend into both systole and diastole. Compared to other annular dimensions, the echocardiographically-identified intertrigonal distance does not change significantly during the cardiac cycle.
Luyang Jiang; Khurram Owais; Robina Matyal; Kamal R Khabbaz; David C Liu; Mario Montealegre-Gallegos; Philip E Hess; Feroze Mahmood
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-8-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-8422     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cardiothorac. Vasc. Anesth.     Publication Date:  2014 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-8-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9110208     Medline TA:  J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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