Document Detail

Dynamics of neurons controlling movements of a locust hind leg: Wiener kernel analysis of the responses of proprioceptive afferents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7623084     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
1. The response properties of proprioceptive sensory neurons providing input to the local circuits controlling leg movements of the locust have been analysed by the Wiener kernel method. The proprioceptor, the femoral chordotonal organ, encodes the position and movements of the tibia about the femorotibial joint. 2. Intracellular recordings were made from sensory neurons while the apodeme of the organ was moved with a band-limited Gaussian white noise signal with a cutoff frequency of 27, 58, or 117 Hz. To define the input-output characteristics of the neurons, the first- and second-order Wiener kernels were computed by a cross-correlation between the spike response of the afferents and the white noise stimulus. 3. White noise stimulation elicited sustained spiking in 50 out of 54 afferents throughout the 20 s periods of stimulation and recording. The first-order kernels, the linear response properties, of these afferents were of six basic types that were dependent on the cutoff frequency of the white noise stimulus. These included 1) flexion-sensitive afferents that were primarily position sensitive irrespective of stimulus frequency, 2) flexion-sensitive afferents that were position sensitive at low frequencies but also coded velocity at higher frequencies, 3) flexion-sensitive afferents that coded velocity at all stimulus frequencies, 4) flexion-sensitive afferents that coded velocity at low stimulus frequencies but also acceleration at high frequencies, 5) extension-sensitive afferents that coded velocity at all stimulus frequencies, and 6) extension-sensitive afferents that coded velocity at low stimulus frequencies and acceleration at high frequencies. A seventh type contained the four remaining afferents that adapted rapidly to the stimulus within 3-5 s. These were all extension-acceleration sensitive irrespective of stimulus frequency. 4. The gain curves (produced by Fourier transform of the 1st-order kernels) and the power spectra of the linear models (produced by convolving the 1st-order kernels with the white noise) demonstrated that responses in the position-sensitive afferents are representative of a constant gain low-pass filter with a cutoff frequency of approximately 80 Hz, whereas those in the velocity- and acceleration-sensitive afferents are band passed, having peaks at 80 Hz. 5. The main nonlinearity was a signal compression in which the diagonal peak(s) of the second-order nonlinear kernels offset one or more peaks of the first-order kernels and represents a rectification or directional sensitivity of the afferents.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
Y Kondoh; J Okuma; P L Newland
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurophysiology     Volume:  73     ISSN:  0022-3077     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurophysiol.     Publication Date:  1995 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-08-30     Completed Date:  1995-08-30     Revised Date:  2009-09-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375404     Medline TA:  J Neurophysiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1829-42     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Honda R&D, Wako Research Center, Saitama, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Afferent Pathways / physiology
Evoked Potentials
Grasshoppers / physiology*
Hindlimb / innervation,  physiology
Models, Biological
Motor Neurons / physiology*
Movement / physiology*
Proprioception / physiology*
Tibia / physiology
Grant Support
NS-16058/NS/NINDS NIH HHS; //Wellcome Trust

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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