Document Detail


Dynamic shifts in Chinese eating behaviors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18364337     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of the study is to examine the dynamic eating behaviors of the Chinese people, focusing on snacking and the choice of cooking methods, and to identify the influences of socioeconomic factors on these eating behaviors. Data for this study were from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS). There were 11780 subjects, older than two years (y), from the 1991 and 11169 from the 2004 surveys respectively. Logistic regressions of pooled data were performed to evaluate how socioeconomic status (SES) was associated with two eating behaviors: snacking and consuming excessive amounts of fried foods. Simulation techniques were used to clarify the effects of the results that included significant interaction terms. Results showed that the rapid shift in the food and nutrient profile of the Chinese population is accompanied by equally profound changes in meal and cooking patterns. Snacking behavior is beginning to emerge and there are shifts away from the steaming and boiling of food to the, less healthy, frying of food. Income is positively associated with the consumption of both snacks and excessive fried food. Urban residents are also more likely to snack and to consume excessive amounts of fried foods than rural residents. These findings indicate that eating behaviors are beginning to change rapidly toward less healthy options in China. SES plays a vital role in the early stages of the eating behavior transition in China. Future health promotion programs targeting the higher-SES population will exert far-reaching effects on the improvement of health status in this group.
Authors:
Zhihong Wang; Fengying Zhai; Shufa Du; Barry Popkin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  17     ISSN:  0964-7058     ISO Abbreviation:  Asia Pac J Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2008  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-03-26     Completed Date:  2008-09-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9440304     Medline TA:  Asia Pac J Clin Nutr     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  123-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, 123 West Franklin St. Chapel Hill, NC 27516 3997, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Child
Child, Preschool
China
Cookery / methods*
Educational Status
Energy Intake / physiology*
Feeding Behavior*
Female
Health Promotion
Health Status*
Health Surveys
Humans
Income
Logistic Models
Male
Middle Aged
Nutrition Surveys*
Obesity / epidemiology,  prevention & control
Socioeconomic Factors
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01-HD30880/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01-HD38700/HD/NICHD NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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