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Dynamic geometry of the left ventricular outflow tract of pigs with induced supravalvular aortic stenosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22764147     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: Detailed information about the dynamic geometry of the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) is of great importance for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), since these valves utilize the LVOT as a landing zone for optimum placement and fixation. The LVOT is generally considered circular in shape and stable in its conformation. However, recent studies indicate that this may not be the case. METHODS: Twenty-two 5-kg pigs (±0.47 kg) were randomly allocated to either aortic banding (n = 14) or sham operation (n = 8). LVOT dynamic geometry was assessed using cardiovascular-magnetic resonance imaging, 9 weeks after banding of the ascending aorta. RESULTS: All the banded animals developed significant left ventricular hypertrophy (P = 0.01) compared with controls. All the animals demonstrated significant reduction in eccentricity index (P(intervention) < 0.01, P(control) < 0.05) and longest internal diameter (P(intervention) < 0.01, P(control) = 0.02) when comparing measurements from end-diastole to end-systole. No significant systolic or diastolic differences were found between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: The main findings were: the LVOT (i) undergoes substantial geometric alterations throughout the cardiac cycle and (ii) is ellipsoid throughout the cardiac cycle, (iii) geometric changes during the cardiac cycle stems from compression of the long-axis of the LVOT and (iv) dynamic geometry did not change significantly after induction of significant LV hypertrophy. Thus, our data suggest that assumptions made in daily practice, of a circular and stable LVOT geometry, need to be revised.
Authors:
Thomas Lass; Maria Kirstine Møller-Madsen; Hans Henrik Møller Nielsen; Steffen Ringgaard; John Michael Hasenkam
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-734X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804069     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, T, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, Denmark.
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