Document Detail

The dynamic still-face effect: do infants decrease bidding over time when parents are not responsive?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22799583     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The still-face paradigm (SFP) was designed to assess infant expectations that parents will respond to infant communicative signals. During the still-face (SF) episode, the parent ceases interaction and maintains a neutral expression. Original, qualitative descriptions of infant behavior suggested changes within the SF episode: infants decrease bidding and disengage from their impassive parent. Research has documented changes in mean levels of infant behavior between episodes of the SFP. The hypothesis that infant behavior changes within the SF episode has not been empirically tested. In this study, hierarchical linear modeling indicated that infant gazing at the parent, smiling, and social bidding (smiling while gazing at the parent) decreased with time in the SF episode, while infant cry-face expressions increased. Changes in infant behaviors within the SF episode were associated with infant attachment and infant internalizing problems. The dynamic still-face effect quantifies infant initiation of interaction in the face of parental unresponsiveness and is a potential predictor of individual differences in development.
Naomi V Ekas; John D Haltigan; Daniel S Messinger
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2012-07-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Developmental psychology     Volume:  49     ISSN:  1939-0599     ISO Abbreviation:  Dev Psychol     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-06-04     Completed Date:  2014-01-10     Revised Date:  2014-06-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0260564     Medline TA:  Dev Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1027-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Emotions / physiology
Facial Expression*
Infant Behavior / physiology*
Nonlinear Dynamics*
Parent-Child Relations*
Photic Stimulation
Predictive Value of Tests
Time Factors
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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