Document Detail


Dying with style: infant death and its context in a rural industrial township 1650-1830.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11619191     Owner:  HMD     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The literature on the demographic impact of rural industrialization in England has lagged somewhat behind continental inspired historiography. Nowhere is this more apparent than in the sphere of infant mortality, where commentators have failed to balance the effects of rural industry on health and welfare--such as higher earnings and the existance of more dense kinship networks--with the negative effects--proximity of rural industrial areas to rapidly growing towns, poor public health and rapidly increasing population density. Using the results from a very detailed analysis of a proto-industrial township in the West Riding of Yorkshire between 1650 and 1830, this article contends that rural industrial areas had a distinctive experience of infant mortality. In line with much of the existing literature on England, rates of infant mortality in this township were modest. However, concentration on bald figures without wider contextualization, masks the fact that infant mortalitiy visited itself most intensely on a narrow range of families and a narrow range of spatial areas. Those most susceptible were in-migrants living on common land, and the wider linkage of family reconstitution data to poor law evidence suggests that the defining characteristic of concentrated infant mortality was recurrent parental illness, leading to inadequate child care and breast-feeding.
Authors:
S King
Publication Detail:
Type:  Historical Article; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social history of medicine : the journal of the Society for the Social History of Medicine / SSHM     Volume:  10     ISSN:  0951-631X     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Hist Med     Publication Date:  1997 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-06-30     Completed Date:  1997-06-30     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8810360     Medline TA:  Soc Hist Med     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3-24     Citation Subset:  Q    
Affiliation:
Department of Historical and Critical Studies, University of Central Lancashire, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Child Care / history
Child Welfare / history*
Child, Preschool
Great Britain
History, 17th Century
History, 18th Century
History, 19th Century
Humans
Industry / history*
Infant
Infant Mortality*
Infant, Newborn
Rural Health / history*
Rural Population / history*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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