Document Detail


The Dutch famine of 1944-45: mortality and morbidity in past and present generations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11639327     Owner:  HMD     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
During the last months of the Second World War the Western Netherlands was affected by an acute famine, known as the Hunger Winter. Food intake from all sources was reduced to extremely low levels. The effect on mortality at all ages was very large and immediate. By making use of unpublished data from the Dutch Central Bureau of Statistics, estimates could be made of the changes in mortality by cause of death and age for both sexes. Mortality due to hunger was most common in the very young and the very old whereas the effects in males were more pronounced than in females. Hunger was a contributing factor to the increased mortality due to infectious diseases and diseases of the digestive system. In several follow-up studies on selected populations, long-term consequences of the famine could be studied. They related to reproductive outcomes of women who gave birth during the Hunger Winter, to birth weight, malformations, and perinatal mortalitiy of the newborn who were exposed to the famine during gestation, and to the long-term effects of the famine on the medical and psychological situation of infants born during the famine. Several studies on reproductive outcomes in the subsequent generation are also discussed.
Authors:
L H Lumey; F W Van Poppel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Historical Article; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social history of medicine : the journal of the Society for the Social History of Medicine / SSHM     Volume:  7     ISSN:  0951-631X     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Hist Med     Publication Date:  1994 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-09-22     Completed Date:  1994-09-22     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8810360     Medline TA:  Soc Hist Med     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  229-46     Citation Subset:  Q    
Affiliation:
Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
History, 20th Century
Humans
Morbidity
Mortality
Netherlands
Starvation / history*

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