Document Detail


Duration of effects of acute environmental changes on food anticipatory behaviour, feed intake, oxygen consumption, and cortisol release in Atlantic salmon parr.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21839101     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We compared behavioural and physiological responses and recovery time after different acute environmental challenges in groups of salmon parr. The fish were prior to the study conditioned to a flashing light signalling arrival of food 30s later to study if the strength of Pavlovian conditioned food anticipatory behaviour can be used to assess how salmon parr cope with various challenges. The effect on anticipatory behaviour was compared to the effect on feed intake and physiological responses of oxygen hyper-consumption and cortisol excretion. The challenges were temperature fluctuation (6.5C° over 4h), hyperoxia (up to 380% O(2) saturation over 4h), and intense chasing for 10min. Cortisol excretion was only elevated after hyperoxia and chasing, and returned to baseline levels around 3h or less. Oxygen hyper-consumption persisted for even shorter periods. Feed intake was reduced the first feeding after all challenges and recovered within 3h after temperature and hyperoxia, but was reduced for days after chasing. Food anticipatory behaviour was reduced for a longer period than feed intake after hyperoxia and was low at least 6h after chasing. Our findings suggest that a recovery of challenged Atlantic salmon parr to baseline levels of cortisol excretion and oxygen consumption does not mean full recovery of all psychological and physiological effects of environmental challenges, and emphasise the need for measuring several factors including behavioural parameters when assessing fish welfare.
Authors:
Ole Folkedal; Thomas Torgersen; Rolf Erik Olsen; Anders Fernö; Jonatan Nilsson; Frode Oppedal; Lars H Stien; Tore S Kristiansen; A Fernö
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-8-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physiology & behavior     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-507X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-8-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0151504     Medline TA:  Physiol Behav     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Affiliation:
Institute of Marine Research, NO-5984 Matredal, Norway.
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