Document Detail


Duration discrimination by musicians and nonmusicians.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21879613     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study investigated the effects of stimulus modality, standard duration, sex, and laterality in duration discrimination by musicians and nonmusicians. Seventeen musicians (M age = 24.1 yr.) and 22 nonmusicians (M age = 26.8 yr.) participated. Auditory (1,000 Hz) and tactile (250 Hz) sinusoidal suprathreshold stimuli with varying durations were used. The standard durations tested were 0.5 and 3.0 sec. Participants discriminated comparison stimuli which had durations slightly longer and shorter than the standard durations. Difference limens were found by the method of limits and converted to Weber fractions based on the standard durations. Musicians had lower, i.e., better, Weber fractions than nonmusicians in the auditory modality, but there was no significant difference between musicians and nonmusicians in the tactile modality. Auditory discrimination was better than tactile discrimination. Discrimination improved when the standard duration was increased both for musicians and nonmusicians. These results support previous findings of superior auditory processing by musicians. Significant differences between discrimination in the millisecond and second ranges may be due to a deviation from Weber's law and the discontinuity of timing in different duration ranges reported in the literature.
Authors:
Burak Güçlü; Emre Sevinc; Resit Canbeyli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychological reports     Volume:  108     ISSN:  0033-2941     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Rep     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-09-01     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376475     Medline TA:  Psychol Rep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  675-87     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Biomedical Engineering Institute, Boğaziçi University, Istanbul, Turkey.
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