Document Detail


Duodenal injuries in the very young: child abuse?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23271088     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Duodenal injuries in children are uncommon but have been specifically linked with child abuse in case reports. Owing to the rarity of the diagnosis, few studies to date have looked at the association between duodenal injuries and mechanism in younger child. We hypothesize that duodenal injuries in the very young are significantly associated with child abuse.
METHODS: This investigation is a retrospective cohort study of patients admitted with duodenal injuries at one of six Level I pediatric trauma centers. All institutions had institutional review board approval. The trauma registries were used to identify children aged 0 year to 5 years from 1991 to 2011. Multiple variables were collected and included age, mechanism of injury, type of duodenal injury, additional injuries, mortality, and results of abuse investigation if available. Relationships were analyzed using Fischer's exact test.
RESULTS: We identified 32 patients with duodenal injuries with a mean age of 3 years. Duodenal injuries included duodenal hematomas (44%) and perforations/transections (56%). Of all duodenal injuries, 53% resulted in operation, 53% had additional injuries, and 12.5% resulted in death. Of the 32 children presenting with duodenal injuries, 20 were child abuse patients (62.5%). All duodenal injuries in children younger than 2 years were caused by child abuse (6 of 6, p = 0.06) and more than half of the duodenal injuries in children older than 2 years were caused by child abuse (14 of 26). Child abuse-related duodenal injuries were associated with delayed presentation (p = 0.004). There was a significant increase in child abuse-related duodenal injuries during the time frame of the study (p = 0.002).
CONCLUSION: Duodenal injuries are extremely rare in the pediatric population. This multi-institutional investigation found that child abuse consistently associated with duodenal injuries in children younger than 2 years. The evidence supports a child abuse investigation on children younger than 2 years with duodenal injury.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Epidemiological study, level III.
Authors:
Lauren Sowrey; Karla A Lawson; Pamela Garcia-Filion; David Notrica; David Tuggle; James W Eubanks; Robert Todd Maxson; John Recicar; Stephen M Megison; Nilda M Garcia
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of trauma and acute care surgery     Volume:  74     ISSN:  2163-0763     ISO Abbreviation:  J Trauma Acute Care Surg     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-28     Completed Date:  2013-03-21     Revised Date:  2013-09-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101570622     Medline TA:  J Trauma Acute Care Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  136-41; discussion 141-2     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Trauma Services, Dell Children's Medical Center of Central Texas, Department of Surgery University of Texas Southwestern Medical School, Austin, Texas, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents
Child Abuse / diagnosis*
Child, Preschool
Duodenum / injuries*
Female
Humans
Infant
Intestinal Perforation / diagnosis,  etiology
Male

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