Document Detail


Duodenal infusion of α-linolenic acid affects fatty acid metabolism in the mammary gland of lactating dairy cows.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22921622     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Increasing the concentration of α-linolenic acid (LNA; 18:3 cis-9,cis-12,cis-15) in blood might affect fatty acid (FA) metabolism in the mammary gland of dairy cows. The objective was to determine the effects of different arterial concentrations of 18:3 cis-9,cis-12,cis-15 (18:3n-3) achieved via duodenal infusions with LNA on mammary uptake [assessed via arterial-rectificative venous concentration (AC-RVC) differences], synthesis of FA, and mammary gland FA balance in lactating dairy cows. Four primiparous lactating Chinese Holstein cows fitted with duodenal cannulas were administered 2 treatments in a crossover design: LNA-rich FA infusion at varying concentrations (0, 100, 200, and 300 g/d) versus basal infusate control. Arterial concentration of 18:3n-3 increased quadratically (29.24, 134.1, 218.3, and 219.3 mg/L of plasma) as LNA infusion levels increased from 0 to 300 g/d. The mammary extraction rate and uptake of 18:3n-3 increased linearly as LNA infusion increased. The AC-RVC difference of total FA and 18:3n-3 increased more rapidly than arterial concentrations with all treatments. Increasing LNA infusion increased linearly the balance of 10:0 and 12:0, whereas it decreased linearly the 14:1 and 15:0 balances. Increasing arterial concentration of 18:3n-3 affects uptake and synthesis of FA in the mammary gland of lactating dairy cows. It is also suggested that the use of AC-RVC difference maybe an acceptable way to investigate mammary gland uptake and synthesis of FA.
Authors:
G Yang; D P Bu; J Q Wang; Khas-Erdene; L Y Zhou; J J Loor
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1525-3198     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Dairy Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, P.R. China 100193.
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