Document Detail

Duchenne smile, emotional experience, and autonomic reactivity: a test of the facial feedback hypothesis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12899366     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study examined the modulatory function of Duchenne and non-Duchenne smiles on subjective and autonomic components of emotion. Participants were asked to hold a pencil in their mouth to either facilitate or inhibit smiles and were not instructed to contract specific muscles. Five conditions--namely lips pressing, low-level non-Duchenne smiling, high-level non-Duchenne smiling, Duchenne smiling, and control--were produced while participants watched videoclips that were evocative of positive or negative affect. Participants who displayed Duchenne smiles reported more positive experience when pleasant scenes and humorous cartoons were presented. Furthermore, they tended to exhibit different patterns of autonomic arousal when viewing positive scenes. These results support thefacial feedback hypothesis and suggest that facial feedback has more powerful effects when facial configurations represent valid analogs of basic emotional expressions.
Robert Soussignan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Emotion (Washington, D.C.)     Volume:  2     ISSN:  1528-3542     ISO Abbreviation:  Emotion     Publication Date:  2002 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-08-05     Completed Date:  2003-10-27     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101125678     Medline TA:  Emotion     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  52-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
Laboratoire Vulnérabilité, Adaptation et Psychopathologie, CNRS UMR 7593, Hôpital de la Salpêtrière, Paris, France.
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MeSH Terms
Facial Expression*
Social Behavior*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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