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Duane Retraction Syndrome: Series of 441 Cases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22074356     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE:To determine the demographic and clinical profile of various subtypes of Duane retraction syndrome (DRS). METHODS:Retrospective case series of 441 patients. RESULTS:Of the total 441 patients, 389 (88.2%) and 52 (11.8%) patients had unilateral and bilateral involvement, respectively. In both unilateral and bilateral cases, type I was the most common subtype, followed by types III and II. Mean age of presentation of type I DRS was significantly less (13.3 years) compared with types II (23 years) and III (21.9 years) (P < .05). Unilateral disease was significantly more common in females (57. 6%, P = .006), whereas there was no gender predilection in bilateral cases (P = .77). Type 1 DRS was significantly more common among females (57.96%, P = .003) compared with males, whereas there was no such gender predilection in types II and III. The left eye was more commonly involved in patients with types I and III (P < .05), whereas in type II there was no such predilection for any eye involvement. Esotropia was more common in patients with bilateral disease (53.8%) and exotropia was predominant ocular deviation in patients with types II and III (70% and 66.67%, P = .03). There was no difference in the type of deviation in patients with type I (P > .05). Upshoots and downshoots were more common in unilateral disease and types I and III compared with type II. CONCLUSION:Unilateral and bilateral DRS show considerable differences in gender distribution, associated ocular deviation, overshoots, and ocular and systemic associations.
Authors:
Ramesh Kekunnaya; Amit Gupta; Virender Sachdeva; Sannapaneni Krishnaiah; B Venkateshwar Rao; Urvish Vashist; Debajit Ray
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1938-2405     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7901143     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-6     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2011, SLACK Incorporated.
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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