Document Detail

Dual sensory-motor function for a molluskan statocyst network.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14507988     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In mollusks, statocyst receptor cells (SRCs) interact with each other forming a neural network; their activity is determined by both the animal's orientation in the gravitational field and multimodal inputs. These two facts suggest that the function of the statocysts is not limited to sensing the animal's orientation. We studied the role of the statocysts in the organization of search motion during hunting behavior in the marine mollusk, Clione limacina. When hunting, Clione swims along a complex trajectory including numerous twists and turns confined within a definite space. Search-like behavior could be evoked pharmacologically by physostigmine; application of physostigmine to the isolated CNS produced "fictive search behavior" monitored by recordings from wing and tail nerves. Both in behavioral and in vitro experiments, we found that the statocysts are necessary for search behavior. The motor program typical of searching could not be produced after removing the statocysts. Simultaneous recordings from single SRCs and motor nerves showed that there was a correlation between the SRCs activity and search episodes. This correlation occurred even though the preparation was fixed and, therefore the sensory stimulus was constant. The excitation of individual SRCs could in some cases precede the beginning of search episodes. A biologically based model showed that, theoretically, the hunting search motor program could be generated by the statocyst receptor network due to its intrinsic dynamics. The results presented support for the idea that the statocysts are actively involved in the production of the motor program underlying search movements during hunting behavior.
R Levi; P Varona; Y I Arshavsky; M I Rabinovich; A I Selverston
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; In Vitro; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.     Date:  2003-09-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurophysiology     Volume:  91     ISSN:  0022-3077     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurophysiol.     Publication Date:  2004 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-01-12     Completed Date:  2004-03-01     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375404     Medline TA:  J Neurophysiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  336-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute for Nonlinear Science, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0402, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Action Potentials / drug effects
Appetitive Behavior / physiology
Behavior, Animal
Central Nervous System / cytology,  physiology
Cholinesterase Inhibitors / pharmacology
Computer Simulation
Models, Neurological
Mollusca / physiology*
Motor Activity / drug effects,  physiology*
Motor Neurons / physiology
Movement / physiology*
Nerve Net / physiology*
Nervous System Physiological Phenomena*
Physostigmine / pharmacology
Swimming / physiology
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cholinesterase Inhibitors; 57-47-6/Physostigmine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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