Document Detail

Dual influence of spontaneous hypertension on membrane properties and ATP production in heart and kidney mitochondria in rat: effect of captopril and nifedipine, adaptation and dysadaptation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22913569     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
This study deals with changes, induced by hypertension and its treatment, in the function and properties of mitochondria in the heart and kidneys. Male, 16-week-old hypertensive rats were allocated to 3 groups: (i) animals treated daily for 4 weeks with captopril (CAP, 80 mg·(kg body mass)(-1), n = 45), (ii) animals treated with CAP + nifedipine (NIF, 10 mg·kg(-1), n = 45), or (iii) untreated hypertensive controls (n = 96). Wistar rats (n = 96) were used as normotensive controls. Systolic blood pressure (SBP), heart rate (HR), and heart mass / body mass (HW/BW) ratio were measured at the beginning and end of the experiments; measurements for mitochondrial Mg(2+)-ATPase activity, O(2)-consumption (QO(2)), respiratory control index (RCI), ADP/O, oxidative phosphorylation rate (OPR), conjugated diene content (CD), and membrane fluidity (MF) were also taken at different time intervals. In the heart, elevated SBP, HR, and HW/BW accompanied increased QO(2), OPR, and Mg(2+)-ATPase activity, indicating an adaptive response to hypertension-induced increase in the energy demands of the myocardium. Treatments with CAP or with CAP + NIF were very similar in their prevention of increase in SBP, HR, HW/BW, and the rise in OPR (all p < 0.05-0.01). In the kidneys, hypertension induced a drop in OPR; however, antihypertensive therapy aggravated the resulting energy deficiency, whereby treatment with CAP + NIF was more detrimental than treatment with CAP alone. Heart and kidney mitochondria exhibited negligible changes in CD and moderately increased MF, which was more potentiated by treatment with CAP alone than with CAP + NIF.
A Ziegelhöffer; J Mujkošová; M Ferko; N Vrbjar; T Ravingerová; O Uličná; I Waczulíková; B Ziegelhöffer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian journal of physiology and pharmacology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1205-7541     ISO Abbreviation:  Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372712     Medline TA:  Can J Physiol Pharmacol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
a Institute for Heart Research, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Centre of Excellence NOREG, Dúbravská cesta 9, 840 05 Bratislava 45, Slovak Republic.
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