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Dual-action inhibitors of HIF prolyl hydroxylases that induce binding of a second iron ion.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23151668     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Inhibition of the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) prolyl hydroxylases (PHD or EGLN enzymes) is of interest for the treatment of anemia and ischemia-related diseases. Most PHD inhibitors work by binding to the single ferrous ion and competing with 2-oxoglutarate (2OG) co-substrate for binding at the PHD active site. Non-specific iron chelators also inhibit the PHDs, both in vitro and in cells. We report the identification of dual action PHD inhibitors, which bind to the active site iron and also induce the binding of a second iron ion at the active site. Following analysis of small-molecule iron complexes and application of non-denaturing protein mass spectrometry to assess PHD2·iron·inhibitor stoichiometry, selected diacylhydrazines were identified as PHD2 inhibitors that induce the binding of a second iron ion. Some compounds were shown to inhibit the HIF hydroxylases in human hepatoma and renal carcinoma cell lines.
Authors:
Kar Kheng Yeoh; Mun Chiang Chan; Armin Thalhammer; Marina Demetriades; Rasheduzzaman Chowdhury; Ya-Min Tian; Ineke Stolze; Luke A McNeill; Myung Kyu Lee; Esther C Y Woon; Mukram M Mackeen; Akane Kawamura; Peter J Ratcliffe; Jasmin Mecinović; Christopher J Schofield
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Organic & biomolecular chemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1477-0539     ISO Abbreviation:  Org. Biomol. Chem.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101154995     Medline TA:  Org Biomol Chem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Chemistry Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford, 12 Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 3TA, UK. christopher.schofield@chem.ox.ac.uk.
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