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Dual Functionality of Triticale as a Novel Dietary Source of Prebiotics with Antioxidant Activity in Fermented Dairy Products.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22350500     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The objectives of this study were to: i) define the optimum concentration of triticale bran (TB) that can be incorporated in yogurt, ii) evaluate the prebiotic effects of TB on microbial viability, pH and total titratable acidity (TTA) in yogurt across 28 days of cold storage, and iii) measure the oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) of water-extractable polysaccharides (WEP) in TB. Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus were used as starter cultures. Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium lactis were used as probiotics. A concentration of 4% TB in yogurt was determined to be the maximum amount that could be added without causing synersis. By day 7, the number of bacteria greatly increased in yogurt samples containing TB and maintained higher viable bacteria counts at the end of the cold storage period, in comparison to controls (P ≤ 0.05). Confirming this data was the lower pH levels and higher TTA values of TB yogurt samples exhibited throughout 28 days (P ≤ 0.05). Polysaccharide extracts of TB exhibited strong antioxidant activity with an ORAC value of 33.86 ± 2.30 μmol trolox equivalents (TE)/g of bran. Results of this study suggest that TB may serve as a new prebiotic and antioxidant source for functional foods and nutraceutical applications.
Authors:
Rania Agil; Farah Hosseinian
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plant foods for human nutrition (Dordrecht, Netherlands)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-9104     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8803554     Medline TA:  Plant Foods Hum Nutr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Food Science and Nutrition Program, Department of Chemistry, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
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