Document Detail

Dry mouth and dietary quality in older adults in north Carolina.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21391935     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To quantify prevalence of dry mouth, association between dry mouth and beverage intake and dietary quality, and association between dry mouth and self-reported dietary accommodations to oral health deficits.
DESIGN: Cross-sectional study; data from self-reports.
SETTING: Rural North Carolina counties with substantial African-American and American Indian populations.
PARTICIPANTS: Six hundred twenty-two participants aged 60 and older.
MEASUREMENTS: Data included the 11-item Xerostomia Inventory (higher scores connote greater effect from dry mouth), a food frequency questionnaire (converted into Health Eating Index-2005 scores), and survey items on foods modified before consumption or avoided because of oral health problems.
RESULTS: Dry mouth was associated with being female, lower education, and income below the poverty level. Although overall beverage consumption did not vary with dry mouth, consumption of certain sugar-sweetened beverages was positively associated with dry mouth. Overall dietary quality did not differ with dry mouth, but more-severe dry mouth was associated with lower intake of whole grains and higher intakes of fruits. Dry mouth was strongly associated with self-reported modification and avoidance of foods. Those in the highest tertile of dry mouth were more likely to modify several foods than those in the lowest tertile and were more likely to avoid three or more foods.
CONCLUSION: Older adults appear to modify foods or selectively avoid foods in response to perceived dry mouth. Despite these behaviors, dry mouth does not result in poorer dietary quality.
Sara A Quandt; Margaret R Savoca; Xiaoyan Leng; Haiying Chen; Ronny A Bell; Gregg H Gilbert; Andrea M Anderson; Teresa Kohrman; Thomas A Arcury
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Geriatrics Society     Volume:  59     ISSN:  1532-5415     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Geriatr Soc     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-11     Completed Date:  2011-06-02     Revised Date:  2014-09-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503062     Medline TA:  J Am Geriatr Soc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  439-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2011, Copyright the Authors. Journal compilation © 2011, The American Geriatrics Society.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Chi-Square Distribution
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet Surveys
Educational Status
Interviews as Topic
Logistic Models
Middle Aged
North Carolina / epidemiology
Quality of Life
Risk Factors
Sex Factors
Xerostomia / epidemiology*
Grant Support
R01 DE017092/DE/NIDCR NIH HHS; R01 DE017092/DE/NIDCR NIH HHS; R01 DE017092-10/DE/NIDCR NIH HHS; R01 DE017092-11/DE/NIDCR NIH HHS

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