Document Detail

Drugs taken in fatal and non-fatal self-poisoning: a study in south London.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9150821     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study compared the number and type of substances taken in deliberate self-poisoning with fatal (n = 127) and non-fatal (n = 521) outcome. The aims were (i) to describe substances typically involved in self-poisoning in England and Wales, (ii) to examine the role of drug "cocktails' and (iii) to examine whether toxic substances are over-represented in cases with fatal outcome. Over-the-counter (OTC) analgesics, minor tranquillizers and antidepressants accounted for about 70% of substances taken, irrespective of outcome. Compared with survivors, cases who died had taken a higher mean number of substances. Among self-poisonings with a single substance, antidepressants and paracetamol-opiate combinations were over-represented in fatal-outcome cases. This report emphasizes the role of OTC analgesics and antidepressants in overdose-related mortality in England and Wales.
J Neeleman; S Wessely
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica     Volume:  95     ISSN:  0001-690X     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Psychiatr Scand     Publication Date:  1997 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-07-29     Completed Date:  1997-07-29     Revised Date:  2009-09-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370364     Medline TA:  Acta Psychiatr Scand     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  283-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychological Medicine, King's College Hospital London, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Analgesics / poisoning*
Cause of Death
Cross-Sectional Studies
Drug Synergism
Drug Utilization
London / epidemiology
Middle Aged
Narcotics / poisoning
Nonprescription Drugs / poisoning*
Overdose / mortality*
Psychotropic Drugs / poisoning*
Suicide / statistics & numerical data*
Urban Population / statistics & numerical data*
Grant Support
//Wellcome Trust
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Analgesics; 0/Narcotics; 0/Nonprescription Drugs; 0/Psychotropic Drugs

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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