Document Detail

Drug use and physical trauma: risk factors for preterm delivery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9260459     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The present investigation was undertaken to determine the incidence of alcohol, cocaine, and marijuana use among pregnant patients who suffered any type of physical trauma and to determine if the combination of substance use and physical trauma in pregnancy has extended perinatal implications. METHODS: In this single institution, prospective patient series undertaken over 18 months, all pregnant patients who suffered any type of physical trauma were considered for study. RESULTS: Among 6828 live births over an 18-month period, there were 157 (2.3%) patients who reported physical trauma (insignificant = 153, minor = 2, severe = 2). Consent to screen for the presence of alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine was obtained from 85 (54%) patients with refusal by the remainder. Screening was positive in 11% for one or more substances. The perinatal morbidity and mortality for the 153 patients with insignificant trauma was 50:1000 and 20:1000, respectively, all associated with preterm labor and delivery which occurred in 21% of the patients. None of the four patients with minor or severe trauma either had a positive drug/alcohol screen or any perinatal morbidity or mortality. No maternal mortality occurred. CONCLUSION: An 11% incidence of positive drug screens was encountered in consenting pregnant trauma victims and a 21% incidence of preterm birth was encountered even in this patient population with so-called insignificant trauma.
J G Holland; A S Hume; J N Martin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Mississippi State Medical Association     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0026-6396     ISO Abbreviation:  J Miss State Med Assoc     Publication Date:  1997 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-09-11     Completed Date:  1997-09-11     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505622     Medline TA:  J Miss State Med Assoc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  301-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Forrest General Hospital, Hattiesburg, Mississippi, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Obstetric Labor, Premature / epidemiology*
Pregnancy Complications*
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors
Substance-Related Disorders / complications*
Wounds and Injuries / complications*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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