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Drug treatment of multidrug-resistant osteoarticular tuberculosis: a systematic literature review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22940279     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature in order to determine the best treatment options for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) of the skeletal system. METHODS: We searched the PubMed database for all case reports of osteoarticular MDR-TB that provided information on drug treatment and clinical outcome. RESULTS: We identified six cases with spinal MDR-TB and seven with extraspinal MDR-TB and reviewed their susceptibility tests, treatments administered, surgical treatments, and clinical outcomes. All patients had a successful clinical outcome (either cured or improved) except one who died due to septicemia. One patient with spinal MDR-TB and four patients with extraspinal MDR-TB had a successful outcome with medical treatment alone. Two patients who received treatment for a shorter time or with fewer drugs than recommended were cured with the addition of surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Osteoarticular MDR-TB is very infrequently reported in the literature. The few cases reviewed suggest that it is possible to achieve a good outcome with second-line anti-tuberculous drugs, and that surgery might be useful for cases in which an optimized medical treatment is not possible.
Inés Suárez-García; Arturo Noguerado
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of infectious diseases : IJID : official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1878-3511     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Infect. Dis.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9610933     Medline TA:  Int J Infect Dis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 International Society for Infectious Diseases. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Infectious Diseases Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Infanta Sofía, Paseo de Europa, 34, 28702 San Sebastián de los Reyes, Madrid, Spain.
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