Document Detail


Drug therapy for hypertension in hemodialysis patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15250920     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The majority of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients are hypertensive. Drug therapy for hypertension in hemodialysis (HD) patients includes all classes of antihypertensive drugs, with the sole exception of diuretics. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers may decrease morbidity and mortality by reducing the mean arterial pressure (MAP), aortic pulse wave velocity, and aortic systolic pressure augmentation, as well as left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and probably reduction of C-reactive protein (CRP) and oxidant stress. Potential risk factors include hyperkalemia, anaphylactoid reaction with AN69 membranes (particularly ACE inhibitors), and aggravation of renal anemia. beta-blockers decrease not only mortality, blood pressure (BP), and ventricular arrhythmias, but also improve left ventricular function in ESRD patients. Nonselective beta-blockers can cause an increase in serum potassium (particularly during fasting or exercise). Lisinopril and atenolol have a predominant renal excretion and therefore a prolonged half life in ESRD patients. Thus thrice-weekly supervised administration of these drugs after HD can enhance BP control. The use of calcium channel blockers is also associated with lower total and cardiovascular-specific mortality in HD patients. Minoxidil is a very potent vasodilator that is generally reserved for dialysis patients with severe hypertension. Hypertensive dialysis patients who are noncompliant with their medications may benefit from transdermal clonidine therapy once a week. The majority of dialysis patients need a combination of several antihypertensive drugs for adequate BP control.
Authors:
Matthias P Hörl; Walter H Hörl
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Seminars in dialysis     Volume:  17     ISSN:  0894-0959     ISO Abbreviation:  Semin Dial     Publication Date:    2004 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-07-14     Completed Date:  2004-11-16     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8911629     Medline TA:  Semin Dial     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  288-94     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University Hospital Benjamin Franklin, Free University Berlin, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adrenergic beta-Antagonists / adverse effects,  therapeutic use
Angiotensin II
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors / adverse effects,  therapeutic use
Antihypertensive Agents / adverse effects,  therapeutic use
Humans
Hypertension / drug therapy*
Receptors, Angiotensin / antagonists & inhibitors
Renal Dialysis*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Adrenergic beta-Antagonists; 0/Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors; 0/Antihypertensive Agents; 0/Receptors, Angiotensin; 11128-99-7/Angiotensin II

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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