Document Detail

Drug testing in Australian schools: policy implications and considerations of punitive, deterrence and/or prevention measures.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19447026     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: There have been increasing national and international calls for the introduction of drug testing as a policy measure to address harmful drug use. Such strategies have been applied in workplaces, sporting arenas, prisons and more latterly school settings. They are predicated on a belief in their efficacy in reducing drug-related harm, a need to 'send the right' message to potential users and to reassure the community at large that 'something is being done.' Rigorous examination is required of purported benefits of drug testing in schools. METHODS: A comprehensive examination was made of testing efficacy and accuracy. Australian legal and ethical issues, encompassing duty of care, rights of the child and privacy determinations, were juxtaposed with that of the United States of America. RESULTS: Evidence examined indicates no compelling case for the application of drug testing and that caution should be applied when considering drug testing as a drug detection and prevention strategy in the school setting. CONCLUSION: While this review did not support school drug testing, there are alternative evidence-based strategies that schools can implement to prevent drug-related problems among student populations.
Ann M Roche; Petra Bywood; Ken Pidd; Toby Freeman; Tania Steenson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2009-05-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  The International journal on drug policy     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1873-4758     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Drug Policy     Publication Date:  2009 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-10-05     Completed Date:  2010-01-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9014759     Medline TA:  Int J Drug Policy     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  521-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
National Centre for Education and Training on Addiction, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Australia / epidemiology
Child Advocacy
Crime / prevention & control*
Drug and Narcotic Control*
Government Regulation*
Health Promotion / legislation & jurisprudence
Program Evaluation
Public Policy*
Reproducibility of Results
Schools / ethics,  legislation & jurisprudence*
Students / legislation & jurisprudence*
Substance Abuse Detection / ethics,  legislation & jurisprudence*
Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology,  prevention & control*
Workplace / legislation & jurisprudence

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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