Document Detail

Drug interactions with intravenous and local anaesthetics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8140867     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Relatively few clinically significant drug interactions with anaesthetics have been documented in the literature. The following should be stressed since these interactions are not readily predictable or are potentially fatal. Pethidine should never be administered to patients who have received monamine oxidase inhibiting drugs within the last fortnight, since a fatal hyperpyrexia and/or hypertension may result. Thiopentone induction seems to make the heart more susceptible to arrhythmias caused by adrenergic drugs, and may cause severe arterial hypotension in patients treated with diazoxide. Midazolam orally should possibly be avoided as premedication in patients treated with erythromycin since anaesthetic concentrations of midazolam may result. Patients for whom bupivacaine analgesia is planned could preferentially be premedicated with other drugs than diazepam, which causes the serum level of bupivacaine to increase. Bradycardia and hypotension not attributable to sympathetic blockade have been reported following bupivacaine extradurally in verapamil-treated patients. Sulfonamides and the ester group of local anaesthetics, such as prilocaine in combination, may result in severe methaemoglobinaemia in infants. Epinephrine added to local anaesthetics may cause local vasodilation if administered to patients concurrently being treated with cyclic antidepressants, and the combination imposes the risk of severe hypertension and arrhythmias.
L Quist Christensen; J Bonde; J P Kampmann
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0001-5172     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Anaesthesiol Scand     Publication Date:  1994 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-04-28     Completed Date:  1994-04-28     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370270     Medline TA:  Acta Anaesthesiol Scand     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  15-29     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Infectious Diseases M, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
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MeSH Terms
Anesthesia, Intravenous*
Anesthetics, Local*
Drug Interactions*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anesthetics, Local; 0/Barbiturates; 0/Narcotics; 12794-10-4/Benzodiazepines

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